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The first two items are the primary references for this program.

  1. Eppler, Richard; and Somers, Dan M.: A Computer Program for the Design and Analysis of Low-Speed Airfoils. NASA Technical Memorandum 80210, August 1980.
  2. Eppler, Richard; and Somers, Dan M.: Supplement to: A Computer Program for the Design and Analysis of Low-Speed Airfoils. NASA Technical Memorandum 81862, December 1980.
  3. Eppler, Richard: Airfoil Design and Data. Springer-Verlag Berlin, 1990. ISBN 3-540-52505-X.
  4. Eppler, Richard: Airfoil Program System, User's Guide; Institut A fuer Mechanik, Universitaet Stuttgart (1988).
  5. Abbott, Ira H.; Von Doenhoff, Albert E.; and Stivers, Louis S., Jr.: Summary of Airfoil Data. NACA Report 824, March 1945.
  6. Abbott, Ira H.; and Von Doenhoff, Albert E.: Theory of Wing Sections. Dover Publications, Inc., c.1959.
  7. Schlichting, Hermann (J. Kestin, transl.): Boundary Layer Theory. McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1955.
  8. Smetana, Frederick O.; Summey, Delbert C.; Smith, Neill S.; and Carden, Ronald K.: Light Aircraft Lift, Drag, and Moment Prediction - A Review and Analysis. NASA Contractor Report 2523, 1975.
  9. Eppler, R.: Direct Calculation of Airfoils From Pressure Distribution. NASA TT F-15,417, 1974. (Translated from Ingenieur-Archiv, vol. 25, no. i, 1957, pp- 32-57.)
  10. Lighthill, M. J.: A New Method of Two-Dimensional Aerodynamic Design. R. & M. No. 2112, British A.R.C., 1945.
  11. Hess, John L.: The Use of Higher-Order Surface Singularity Distributions To Obtain Improved Potential Flow Solutions for Two-Dimensional Lifting Airfoils. Computer Methods Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, Jan. 1975, pp. 11-35.
  12. Eppler, R.: Practical Calculation of Laminar and Turbulent Bled-Off Boundary Layers. NASA Technical Memorandum 75328, 1978. (Translated from Ingenieur- Archiv, vol. 32, 1963, pp. 221-245.)
  13. Eppler, Richard; and Somers, Dan M.: Low Speed Airfoil Design and Analysis. Advanced Technology Airfoil Research - Volume I, NASA CP-2045, Part l, 1979, pp. 73-99.
  14. Kowalik, J.; and Osborne, M. R.: Methods for Unconstrained Optimization Problems. American Elsevier Pub. Co., Inc., 1968.
  15. Eppler, R. (Francesca Neffgen, transl.): Laminar Airfoils for Reynolds Numbers Greater Than 4 x l06. B-819-35, Apr. 1969. (Available from NTIS as N69-28178.) (Translated from Ingenieur-Archiv, vol. 38, 1969, pp. 232-240.)
  16. Eppler, Richard: Turbulent Airfoils for General Aviation. Journal of Aircraft, vol. 15, no. 2, Feb. 1978, pp. 93-99.
  17. Squire, H. B.; and Young, A. D.: The Calculation of the Profile Drag of Aerofoils. R. & M. NO. 1838, British A.R.C., 1938.
  18. Woods, L. C.: The Theory of Subsonic Plane Flow. Cambridge Univ. Press, c.1961.
  19. Drela, M.: XFOIL: An Analysis and Design System for Low Reynolds Number Airfoils. In Lecture Notes in Engineering: Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics. T.J. Mueller (ed.) vol 54, Springer-Verlag, New York, June 1989.
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